Courts in Ohio Ohio uses a two-court system just like every state in the US does, which are federal courts and state courts . There are several different types of these courts which all have different levels – so depending on what your case is about will determine on the court you will need to appear to. No matter what court system you’re dealing with, you have the right to an attorney. Having legal representation can be a vital factor in determining the outcome of your case and we highly recommend that anyone seek legal counsel before appearing in any court. Federal Courts Known as the United States Courts, there are a total of three (3) courts in the state of Ohio which handle federal law matters whereas the United States are an involved party. There is the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit which handles appeals from Michigan, Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio. There are also two federal trial courts which are also known as district courts. These are broken up into two divisions, United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio and United States District Court for the Souther District of Ohio as shown in the picture: Municipal Courts Municipal courts deal with traffic violations, misdemeanor offenses and preliminary hearings for felony offenses. The jurisdiction for municipal courts will vary in each one – some have jurisdiction in only in their corporate limits while others may have it throughout their entire county. Appeals Courts Appeals courts hear and decide all appeals from decisions of Ohio’s trial courts except mayors’ courts as explained above. Appeals courts also have original jurisdiction to hear certain special proceedings, which means such proceedings are filed directly in the appeals court rather than a trial court. Schedule your Free Consultation Sound legal advice is based on years of training, hard work, and passion, as well as familiarity with legislation and precedent and sound consideration. You’ll find all that and more at COX Law Office.